Doctors are usually among the top paid individuals in the United Kingdom. The expertise to become a doctor requires undergoing almost a decade of learning. That is 4 years as an undergraduate, with an additional 4 years in professional medical college, plus a few more years as junior doctors in internships and residency courses.
These health professionals should properly diagnose and heal their patients, and they must be well trained so they can meet the standards in medicine. Doctors are needed to examine afflicted individuals, noting medical histories and diagnosing ailments correctly, and giving their patients the right medications. They are also responsible for giving their patients advice on how to adopt a healthier lifestyle.
The rate of enrolment in medical schools in the United Kingdom has risen by 67 percent since 1998. Medical schools now have an intake of 6,262 individuals, in contrast to 3,749 in 1998.
The NHS in the UK has employed a total of 150,273 doctors in 2014. If we compare this to 2004, there are 32,467 more doctors in employment, marking a 2.5 per cent rise in the profession.
Trainees in the United Kingdom receive a basic salary of £22,636 in their first foundation year. This is increases to 28,076 pounds in the succeeding year. Doctors in specialist training will receive a basic starting pay between 30,002 to 47,175 pounds per year.
Specialists in the United Kingdom receive an average basic pay which is around 37,176 pounds to 69,325 pounds annually.
Consultants can earn around 75,249 pounds per year. This can go up to 101,451 pounds depending on the expertise and seniority of the doctor.
General Practitioners can make around 55,412 to 83,617 pounds in a year. There are some variations with GPs that rely on self-employment and contract GPs.
The United Kingdom has around one million patients in a span of 36 hours. The need for healthcare has increased by 44 per cent, with 9.672 million individuals needing treatments or procedures in 2014. In 2004, the number was at 6.712 million.
Hospital admissions have also risen in the UK by 32 percent in 2014. The total was at 15.462 million for the year. Outpatient services have also risen by 82 million, 8.8 % more than the year before.
For mental healthcare, 1.747 million people in the UK have sought services in the year 2014. 6 percent of this number has been hospitalized.
By April of 2015, 3.036 million individuals were waitlisted for treatment. Their waiting time has risen to 6.7 per cent, compared to the 6.3 per cent last year. Also in 2015, 834,067 patients are waiting to be administered diagnostic examination.
For Anesthetics, there are a reported 11,211 specialists on the register. This comprises 11.5 % on the United Kingdom register. General internal medicine ranks second on this list, numbering at 10,209 doctors. They make up 10.6 percent of the specialist doctors.
There are 5,935 pediatric doctors in the UK. They make up 6.2 percent of the specialist register.
In general psychiatry, the number of practitioners is 5,799. They comprise 6 percent of the specialist population.
General surgeons are 4.9 of their population; their numbers pegged at 4,718 doctors.
Clinical radiologists make up 5.3 percent of the total number of specialist doctors. There are 5,148 registered doctors for this specialization.
There are 4,406 obstetricians and gynaecologists in the United Kingdom. They are 4.6 per cent of the total registered specialists.
4.4 per cent of specialists in the UK are doctors of trauma and orthopaedic surgery, and there are 4,276 of them currently registered in the country.
2.7 percent of specialists in the UK are ophthalmologists. There are about 2,588 of them in the country.
There are 2,305 doctors that specialize in Cardiology in the UK. They make up 2.4 percent of the total number of specialists.
Histopathology currently has 2,135 doctors, which is 2.2 per cent on the UK register. Gastroenterology has 1,884, at 2 per cent. Doctors for respiratory medicine are at 1,831, at 1.9 per cent. Haematology has 1,514 doctors, at 1.6%. Doctors for child psychiatry make up 1.6 per cent of specialist doctors, with 1,497 of them on the UK register. Old age psychiatry makes up 1.5 per cent of specialist doctors with 1,479 of them in the UK. Public health doctors, specialists of endocrinology and urologists are all at 1.5 percent of specialist doctors registered in the United Kingdom.
More doctors must meet the needs of the growing number of people diagnosed with diabetes in the UK. Currently, there are 3.2 million people with diabetes. This is expected to rise to 4 million by 2025. Obesity is also becoming a concern in healthcare, rising to 26 percent among the male population. This is much higher than the 13.2 percent in 1993. Women are also experiencing higher obesity rates at 23.8 per cent. In 1993, the rate was at 16.4 per cent.
Government Heath Advantages
The current government expenditure for healthcare is 8.46 percent of the United Kingdom’s GDP. This is slightly lower than expenditures in countries like the USA, Netherlands and Denmark. There are 2.8 doctors available in the UK per one thousand people, and 2.8 hospital beds on the ready per one thousand people. There has been an increase in the healthcare expenditure in the UK. In 2004, the budget was at 64.173 billion pounds. Currently, the budget is reaching 113.300 billion pounds. For the year 2015 to 2016, the planned total expenditure for doctors and healthcare services should rise to 116.574 billion.
Birth Rates and Mortality Rates
The life expectancy for men living in the UK, on the average, is 78.9 years. Women have a higher life expectancy at 82.7 years. The population is expected to increase to 67.13 million in 2020. The current population is estimated to be at 63.7 million.
The average age of the UK population is expected to age further. The average age was recorded to be 39.7 in 2012, and by 2037, the average age is set to become 42.8.
The number of UK individuals aged 65 and above is expected to rise to 17.79 million in 2037. The current number is 10.84 million. There are .5 million more people of State Pension Age than children in the United Kingdom.